Investigating the relationship between self-control and family factors in girls and boys with mental disabilities
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate self-control and the relationship between self-control and family factors in girls and boys with mental disabilities.
Research methodology: The present study was conducted by a causal-comparative method with an applied nature in 2020. The statistical population of all primary school students in the schools of mentally disabled was the Tehran Exceptional Education Organization. Using cluster sampling method, 196 children were selected as the sample. The informed consent form for participation in the research was also obtained from the stakeholders. Measurement tools in this study were Gersham and Elliott (1990) Social Skills Rating Scale and Kendall and Wilcox (1979) Self-Control Scale.
Results: The results of statistical analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the average self-control of children with mental disabilities based on the level of education of parents and the job of the head of the family that the need to educate parents of mentally disabled children regardless of class Socially confirms them in order to be aware of their children's abilities. In addition, the level of self-control in the two sexes was not significantly different and there was no significant difference between self-control at different ages and emphasizes their gender in special schools.
Limitation: Conducting research in schools always faces problems due to the interference between research time and classroom time.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be concluded that parental education has a significant role in advancing the goals of education and upbringing of exceptional children, including their self-control.
Keywords: Restraint, Family factors, Children with mental disabilities
- Abedi Jafari, Hassan and Taslimi, Mohammad Saeed and Faghihi, Abolhassan and Sheikhzadeh, Mohammad. (2010). Theme Analysis and Theme Network: A simple and efficient way to explain the patterns in qualitative data.
- Alizadeh N S, Adib, Y. (2013). A study of the dimensions of the hidden curriculum of teaching methods of first year high school teachers in Ardabil from the perspective of female students. Scientific Journal of Education and Evaluation (Quarterly), 6(23), 55-76.
- Assady Gandomani R, Nesayan A, Adib Sershki N, Karimlou M. (2013). The effectiveness of theory of mind training on improving cooperation, self-control and assertive in autistic boys. Journal of Exceptional Children, 13(3), 33-44. [Persian] http://joec.ir/article-1-186-en.html.
- Fallahi, M, Zarei Zavaraki, I, Norouzi, D. (2018). Comparison of social skills of students in face-to-face and e-education system. Education Technology, 12(4), 317-327. 1629.
- Fallah, Vida, (2021), https://vidafallah.com.
- Ghane Azabadi Fahima. (2014). The effect of teaching discussion and negotiation skills with Islamic approach on verbal aggression of sixth grade female students in District 2 of Yazd city. National Conference on Primary Education
- Ghods, Zahra. (2020). The effectiveness of psychoanalysis on increasing self-control and self-control of children with mild mental disabilities. 7th International Conference on New Research Achievements in Management, Humanities and Social and Cultural Studies, Isfahan.
- Gresham, F. M., & Elliott, S. N. (1990). Social Skills Rating System. Circle pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
- Gresham, F. M. & Elliott, S. N. (1993). Social skills intervention for children. Behavior Modification, 97, 287-393.
- Javanshir, Maryam. (2017). The effect of discipline program in practice on students' self-control and self-fulfillment. Master's thesis, Faculty of Psychology, Sistan and Baluchestan University.
- Johnson, K. A. (2007). Gender differences in the acquisition of self-control over time. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, the University of Nebraska, Nebraska.
- Kendall, P. C. & Wilcox, L. E. (1979). Self-control in children: development of a rating scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 1020-1029.
- Khormaei, F, Farmani, A. (2014). Evaluation of psychometric parameters of the short form of the five major personality factors questionnaire. Journal of Psychological Methods and Models, 4(16), 29-39.
- Logue, A. W., & Chavarro, A. (1992). Self-control and impulsiveness in preschool children. The psychological record, 42(2), 189-204.
- Pintrich, P., DeGroot, V. (1990). Motivational and self-Regulated learning components of classroom academic performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, (33-40).
- Pritchard AE, Kalback S, McCurdy M, Capone GT. (2015). Executive functions among youth with Down syndrome and co-existing neurobehavioral disorders. J Intellect Disabil Res. 59(12), 1130–1141. doi:10.1111/jir.12217
- Rahimi, Mehdi, Yousefi, Farideh. (2010). The role of family communication patterns in children's empathy and self-control. Family Studies, 6 (4).
- Sadeghi, Azam and Agility Nejad, Zahra. (2020). The effectiveness of mindfulness-based parenting on self-control and parenting self-efficacy of mothers with hyperactive children. 7th International Conference on New Research Achievements in Educational Sciences, Psychology and Social Sciences, Isfahan.
- Seligman, (1987). Attributional style and depressive symptoms among children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 13, 235-238.
- Shahim, S. (1998). Assessing the validity and reliability of the scale of social skills grading method in A group of primary school children in Shiraz. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, 3(3 and 4), 17-29.
- Shakeri, Mohsen and Barzegar Befrooi, Kazem and Mohammadi, Alireza. (2019). The effectiveness of self-control ethics training on reducing students' aggression.
- Tavakoli Z S, Demehri F, Azizi M. (2019) Theory of mind teaching on the social competencies and restraint in children of Down syndrome. Mejds, 9, 52-52.
- Vahedi, Sh, FathiAzar, Is. (2006). Social adequacy training in reducing aggression in preschool boys: a report of 6 cases. Journal of Mental Health Principles, 8(32), 131-140.
- Wang, A. (2002). Validation of a self-control rating scale in a: Chinese preschool. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 16, 189-201.
- Zakaeifar, A, Musazadeh, T. (2020). The role of parenting styles in predicting the social development of 5 and 6 year old preschool children. Social Psychology Research, 10(37), 87-100.