Providing a lean and agile supply chain model in project-based organizations

Published: Feb 25, 2020


Purpose: One of the differences between project-oriented and routine organizations is the difference in their supply chain. This leads to the use of distinct and new approaches to its management. In this article, according to the existing problems, a conceptual model of lean and agile supply chain in project-oriented organizations is presented by examining the lean functions and agility of supply chain discussion.

Research methodology: This research is descriptive-analytical in terms of method and applied in terms of purpose. This study's statistical population includes all managers and supply chain experts of project-based organizations and the statistical sample includes 105 people who have been selected using a purposive sampling method. After presenting the conceptual model, a researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect information and to examine the intended model, the structural equation approach with PLS software was used.

Results: The research findings indicate that the 114 identified items for the research model significantly explain their related components. The results of the model fit study showed that based on the convergent validity indices, Cronbach's alpha and Cronbach's alpha, and the subscription validity index and the exponential or redundancy validity index, the model is in the desired condition.

Limitation: This research only described Knowledge Based Centre.

Contribution: Organizations realised that relying on existing knowledge alone was not enough to compete in a competitive environment, and went beyond the boundaries of their organization to acquire knowledge. Organizations considered customers as a very useful and knowledgeable resource, and activities should be done to interact with customers in leading organizations.

Keywords: Customer assisted knowledge production capacity, Customer capital, Intellectual capital, Knowledge management

1. Customer assisted knowledge production capacity
2. Customer capital
3. Intellectual capital
4. Knowledge management
1 . Mohammadreza Zahedi
2 . Morteza Abbasi
3 . Shayan Naghdi Khanachah
How to Cite
Zahedi, M., Abbasi, M., & Khanachah, S. N. . (2020). Providing a lean and agile supply chain model in project-based organizations. Annals of Management and Organization Research, 1(3), 213–233.


Download data is not yet available.
Issue & Section
Altay, N., Gunasekaran, A., Dubey, R., & Childe, S. J. (2018). Agility and resilience as antecedents of supply chain performance under moderating effects of organisational culture within the humanitarian setting: a dynamic capability view. Production Planning & Control, 29(14), 1158-1174.

Asbjørnslett, B. E. (2003). Project supply chain management: from agile to lean.

Baker, D. P., Day, R., & Salas, E. (2006). Teamwork as an essential component of high?reliability organisations. Health services research, 41(4p2), 1576-1598.

Baker, P. (2008). The role, design and operation of distribution centres in agile supply chains.

Browning, T. R., & Heath, R. D. (2009). Reconceptualising the effects of lean on production costs with evidence from the F-22 program. Journal of operations management, 27(1), 23-44.

Campos, L. M., & Vazquez-Brust, D. A. (2016). Lean and green synergies in supply chain management. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal.

Caniëls, M. C., Gehrsitz, M. H., & Semeijn, J. (2013). Participation of suppliers in greening supply chains: an empirical analysis of German automotive suppliers. Journal of Purchasing and supply management, 19(3), 134-143.

Charles, A. (2010). Improving the design and management of agile supply chains: feedback and application in the context of humanitarian aid.
CHRISTOPHER, M. I. (2017). Logistics & supply chain management.

Dirisu, J. I., Iyiola, O., & Ibidunni, O. (2013). Product differentiation: A tool of competitive advantage and optimal organisational performance (A study of Unilever Nigeria PLC). European Scientific Journal, 9(34).

Fernandez Angulo, L. R. (2019). Emergent subcontracting models and owner involvement in selecting subcontracting strategies and participants in the US Construction Industry.

Frolick, M. N., & Ariyachandra, T. R. (2006). Business performance management: One truth. IS Management, 23(1), 41-48.

Gaudenzi, B., & Christopher, M. (2016). Achieving supply chain ‘Leagility’ through a project management orientation. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, 19(1), 3-18.

Goldsby, T. J., Griffis, S. E., & Roath, A. S. (2006). Modeling lean, agile, and leagile supply chain strategies. Journal of business logistics, 27(1), 57-80.

Gupta, S., Drave, V. A., Bag, S., & Luo, Z. (2019). Leveraging smart supply chain and information system agility for supply chain flexibility. Information Systems Frontiers, 21(3), 547-564.

Gupta, T. K., & Singh, V. (2015). A systematic approach to evaluate supply chain management environment index using graph theoretic approach. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 21(1), 1-45.

Hanckmann, P., Schutte, K., De Penning, L., & Burghouts, G. J. (2017). Video access system and method based on action type detection. In: Google Patents.

Hassini, E., Surti, C., & Searcy, C. (2012). A literature review and a case study of sustainable supply chains with a focus on metrics. International Journal of Production Economics, 140(1), 69-82.

Hummel, D. (2008). Population dynamics and supply systems: a transdisciplinary approach: Campus Verlag.

Ismail, H., & Sharifi, H. (2006). A balanced approach to building agile supply chains. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 36(6), 431-444.

Kuruppalil, Z. (2007). Leanness and agility in job shops: A framework for a survey instrument developed using the Delphi method: Indiana State University.

Loufrani-Fedida, S., & Missonier, S. (2015). The project manager cannot be a hero anymore! Understanding critical competencies in project-based organisations from a multilevel approach. International Journal of Project Management, 33(6), 1220-1235.

Mathur, B., Gupta, S., Meena, M. L., & Dangayach, G. (2018). Healthcare supply chain management: literature review and some issues. Journal of Advances in Management Research.

Mishra, J. L., Hopkinson, P. G., & Tidridge, G. (2018). Value creation from circular economy-led closed loop supply chains: a case study of fast-moving consumer goods. Production Planning & Control, 29(6), 509-521.

Moore, M. H. (2000). Managing for value: organisational strategy in for-profit, nonprofit, and governmental organisations. Nonprofit and voluntary sector quarterly, 29(1_suppl), 183-204.

Neumar, R. W., Otto, C. W., Link, M. S., Kronick, S. L., Shuster, M., Callaway, C. W., . . . Silvers, S. M. (2010). Part 8: adult advanced cardiovascular life support: 2010 American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation, 122(18_suppl_3), S729-S767.

Ngwainbi, M. (2008). A framework supporting the design of a lean-agile supply chain towards improving logistics performance. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Mälardalen University.

Parraguez, P., Eppinger, S. D., & Maier, A. M. (2015). Information flow through stages of complex engineering design projects: a dynamic network analysis approach. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 62(4), 604-617.

Prajogo, D., & Olhager, J. (2012). Supply chain integration and performance: The effects of long-term relationships, information technology and sharing, and logistics integration. International Journal of Production Economics, 135(1), 514-522.

Pyrcz, M. J., & Deutsch, C. V. (2014). Geostatistical reservoir modeling: Oxford university press.

Qrunfleh, S., & Tarafdar, M. (2013). Lean and agile supply chain strategies and supply chain responsiveness: the role of strategic supplier partnership and postponement. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal.

Schönsleben, P. (2016). Integral logistics management: operations and supply chain management within and across companies: CRC Press.

Segerstedt, A., Olofsson, T., & Eriksson, P. E. (2010). Improving construction supply chain collaboration and performance: a lean construction pilot project. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal.

Shekarian, M., Nooraie, S. V. R., & Parast, M. M. (2020). An examination of the impact of flexibility and agility on mitigating supply chain disruptions. International Journal of Production Economics, 220, 107438.

Sidah, I. (2017). Managing global supply chain capabilities: The role of information sharing/Sidah Idris. University of Malaya,

Stadtler, H. (2008). Supply chain management—an overview. In Supply chain management and advanced planning (pp. 9-36): Springer.

Stock, J. R., & Boyer, S. L. (2009). Developing a consensus definition of supply chain management: a qualitative study. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management.

Tallon, P. P., Queiroz, M., Coltman, T., & Sharma, R. (2019). Information technology and the search for organisational agility: A systematic review with future research possibilities. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 28(2), 218-237.

Touboulic, A., & Walker, H. (2016). A relational, transformative and engaged approach to sustainable supply chain management: the potential of action research. Human Relations, 69(2), 301-343.

Turner, R. (2020). How does governance influence decision making on projects and in project-based organisations? Project Management Journal, 51(6), 670-684.
Vorhies, D. W., Orr, L. M., & Bush, V. D. (2011). Improving customer-focused marketing capabilities and firm financial performance via marketing exploration and exploitation. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 39(5), 736-756.

Wagner, T., Herrmann, C., & Thiede, S. (2017). Industry 4.0 impacts on lean production systems. Procedia Cirp, 63, 125-131.

Wilding, R., Wagner, B., Gligor, D. M., & Holcomb, M. C. (2012). Understanding the role of logistics capabilities in achieving supply chain agility: a systematic literature review. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal.

Wuttke, D. A., Blome, C., Foerstl, K., & Henke, M. (2013). Managing the innovation adoption of supply chain finance—Empirical evidence from six European case studies. Journal of business logistics, 34(2), 148-166.

Yesmin, T., & Hasin, M. A. A. (2012). Determination of optimal ordering quantity and reduction of bullwhip effect in a multistage supply chain using genetic algorithm. International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, 7(4), 193-214.

Zahedi, M., Akhavan, P., & Naghdi Khanachah, S. (2020). Identifying the key barriers to knowledge management and lessons learned in the project-based military organisations. Military Management Quarterly, 19(76), 29-68.

Zahedi, M. R., & Khanachah, S. N. (2020). The effect of knowledge management processes on organisational innovation through intellectual capital development in Iranian industrial organisations. Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management.

Zhou, B. (2016). Lean principles, practices, and impacts: a study on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Annals of Operations Research, 241(1-2), 457-474.