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Analysis of vocational education curriculum in ASEAN Economic Community: a literature review

Purpose: In 2015, ASEAN economic community was formed to turn the area into a single market and a competitive superior production base to make the region prosperous and stable. The how to do that is through education and applying the appropriate curriculum for industry's needs. This study analyzed and elaborated the curriculum used in vocational schools, especially in countries around ASEAN Economic Community or AEC. Research methodology: This descriptive content analysis study method was done by implementing a literature review. This literature review was to review and analyze the curriculum used in vocational education around AEC in order to fulfill the standards of AEC industry's needs. Results: This study finds that curriculum for vocational schools around ASEAN Economic Community set priority in standard skills and soft skills. Limitations: This study is limited to vocational schools, especially around ASEAN Economic Community. Contribution: This study could be useful for vocational schools around South East Asia and researchers researching curriculum, especially in Asia. Keywords: AEC, Curriculum, Vocational education
157-170
Zulaikha Fitriyanti Zulaikha, Hasan Hariri, Riswanti Rini, Sowiyah

Implementation of the Family Hope Program in Oelpuah village, Central Kupang district, Kupang regency

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to find out Implementation Family Hope Program (PKH) in Oelpuah Village, Central Kupang District, Kupang Regency. Research methodology: The type of research used by researchers in this research is descriptive research with a qualitative approach. Results: The results of this study indicate that the Family Hope Program (PKH) is very beneficial for beneficiary households, particularly in the fields of education and health. However, there are still several obstacles that must be resolved so that this program can be better. Limitations: This study only focuses on the implementation of the Family Hope program (PKH) in Oelpuah Village, Central Kupang District, Kupang Regency. Contribution: The results of this research can be used as reference and evaluation in the development of the Family Hope Program (PKH). Keywords: Family Hope Program (PKH), Implementation, Public policy
171-183
Markus Tae, Paulus Nd.LT Ratoebandjoe, Ernawati Daeng

The impact of Covid-19 on students’ mental health

Purpose: The research has been conducted to investigate the influential factors on students’ mental health during the Covid-19. Research methodology: The research is quantitative in nature. The structured questionnaire has been prepared to collect the data from 250 Bangladeshi students through a personal interview method using a 7-point Likert scale. The research used the convenience sampling method to collect the data and data were analyzed through SPSS 25.0 software. Results: The research found that economic factors, social factors, and educational factors have a significant impact on the students’ mental health during the Covid-19 pandemic situation. Limitations: The study is limited by geographical and sample size in the aspect of students’ mental health during the pandemic situation. Contribution: All sorts of people will be benefited from this study obtaining a clear understanding and scenario about the students’ mental health during the pandemic situation. Educational institutions, teachers, psychologists, behavioral therapists, social researchers, politicians, legal agencies, and others that are engaged in the education sector will be fruitful by this study’s outputs. Governments and governmental agencies may plan and promote their strategies and policies by having a clear concept about students’ mental health during the Covid-19 pandemic. Keywords: Mental health, Student, Covid-19, Education, Social aspect, Economic condition
185-196
Miraz Uddin, Burhan Uddin

Perception of distance learning in Bangladeshi tertiary education: prospects and obstacles in the Covid-19 era

Purpose: The key purpose of the study is to understand the university students' perception of a sudden distance learning platform from Bangladesh (a least developed countries' perspective). Research methodology: This particular study has employed a qualitative research method with the support of interview and observation methods. The study has selected 20 University students as a sample size based on purposive sampling. Results: The findings provide a vivid outline of the current situation of the universities- that the students have- over the influence of distance learning on education, technology, their university, course instructors, and themselves. Limitations: The data was qualitative in nature and the study only interviewed the university students but not the other stakeholders of that system; in addition, the study did not triangulate the data with more quantitative data. Contribution: The study makes an important contribution to the literature on the least developed countries' university education, which will benefit Higher Education institutions that are also struggling with the prospects and obstacles of distance learning during and in the post-Covid-19 crisis.
197-207
Md. Rahat Khan, S. M. Sabbih Hossain

A spatiotemporal appraisal of road traffic accident in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria

Purpose: Road accident has been claiming lives and no amount of research will be enough to expose the causes and dangers. This study appraises the causes and analyses the variation of road accidents in the Kaduna metropolis, intending to reduce it. Research methodology: The data used was obtained from Federal Road Safety Corps and complemented by the researchers’ field survey. Eight members of the research team went to the 24 bus stops identified each month rotationally. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were applied in the analysis. Results: There was a high correlation of mortality and road accident injuries as confirmed by r-value 0.7 using pearson product moment correlation. Accidents occur most in the morning and afternoon and the season with most accident occurrence was the dry season. The combination of over speeding and other factors were the major causes of road accidents. Limitations: The study used data published in 2016, although a follow-up data verification was conducted in 2017 and 2018. Therefore, the study is old and the results might have changed and might not necessarily be reliable. Contribution: Road accidents hot spots areas, causes, and patterns were exposed to guide the road users in order to avoid the accident. The study can also be replicated in other study areas with similar characteristics.
209-226
Abdulkadir Muhammed Yahaya, Abdullahi Sani Yusuf, Inusa Musa, Fatima Ilyasu Maaji, Suleiman Umar Bambale, Rowland Oscar, Abubakar Muhammad Bawa, Angela Uwanuakwa

Internal migration in Northern Ghana: understanding the integrative challenges of migrants in Tamale Metropolis

Purpose: Successful integration of migrants in any society has a very vital impact on the wellbeing of migrants. The study therefore uses descriptive statistics to analyse the integrative challenges of internal migrants in the Tamale metropolis of Northern Ghana. Research methodology: The study adopted the mixed-method approach and non-probability sampling techniques to select 120 internal migrants for the study. Results: The results revealed that economic factors (46.7%) accounted for most reasons cited for migrating. Language barriers (24.2%) and higher cost of living (19.2%) were the most encountered challenges and a proportion of 10.8 per cent reported not having encountered any difficulty. Limitations: The study explored all forms of internal migration in the Metropolis. However, it failed to explore the occurrence of international migration given the growing influx of international migrants in the study area. Contribution: The outcome of the study will advance knowledge on the challenges faced by migrants within the Metropolis and measures could be taken to resolve some undesired experiences. Additionally, the study will make a valuable contribution to the limited migration literature in the North.
227-240
Muhammad Mu-utasim Yahaya