Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic and Practice Studies

Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic and Practice Studies Published by Goodwood Publishing, Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic and Practice Studies is an international peer-reviewed and scholarly journal promoting high-quality multidisciplinary research on social, humanity, economics, business, technology, and education. Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic and Practice Studies welcomes submissions of scientifically-developed research manuscripts aiming to provide solutions and innovation both scientifically and practically in every aspect of life.

Current Issue

Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic and Practice Studies Published by Goodwood Publishing, Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic and Practice Studies is an international peer-reviewed and scholarly journal promoting high-quality multidisciplinary research on social, humanity, economics, business, technology, and education. Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic and Practice Studies welcomes submissions of scientifically-developed research manuscripts aiming to provide solutions and innovation both scientifically and practically in every aspect of life.

Published
2024-06-19

Articles

The impact of environmental management on the growth of the bottled water industry in Indonesia (Case study: sales of disposable gallons)

Purpose: This study aims to analyze the impact of environmental management on the growth of the bottled drinking water industry (AMDK) in Indonesia, focusing on the consequences of single-use gallon sales. The bottled water industry in Indonesia has grown significantly due to the high demand for safe and practical drinking water, especially in areas with limited access to clean piped water. However, the use of plastic gallons, whether refillable or disposable, poses serious environmental and health concerns. Method: This research uses a qualitative method with normative juridical, sociological juridical, and analytical juridical approaches. Secondary data were obtained from various literature, while primary data were collected through interviews with communities around Bantargebang landfill, Bekasi. Results: The findings indicate that refillable plastic gallons have a higher risk of releasing microplastics into drinking water due to repeated use, while disposable gallons contribute significantly to plastic waste accumulation, often not being recycled properly. The study also reveals that strict regulations and public education on recycling, as practiced in countries like Japan and Germany, are essential for effective plastic waste management. Implementation: The implementation of BPOM's safety standards, including limits on Bisphenol-A (BPA) migration, is crucial to mitigating health risks. To balance industry growth and environmental sustainability, recommendations include improving environmental management practices, promoting consumer awareness, and enhancing recycling initiatives. The study provides a comprehensive view of the environmental and health impacts of using plastic gallons in the AMDK industry and suggests policy and practical measures to address these challenges.

The role of Investment Law in Indonesia's Economic Recovery Efforts

Purpose: This study examines the role of investment law in Indonesia's economic recovery efforts, particularly under Law No. 25 of 2007. Indonesia, as a developing country, emphasizes high economic growth as a measure of success in enhancing societal welfare. Investment, through capital investment, is crucial for increasing capital stock, production capacity, and economic growth, thereby creating jobs. Methodology: The study uses a normative legal research method with an analytical descriptive approach, analyzing regulations related to Law No. 25/2007, relevant literature, and data from the internet. Results: The findings indicate that legal certainty significantly influences investment decisions. A country with clear, fair, and well-enforced laws attracts more investors, which is essential for sustainable economic growth. Recent studies highlight the benefits and challenges of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Indonesia. Contribution: The government's efforts to improve the investment climate include revising regulations, enhancing legal enforcement, and developing infrastructure. These measures aim to provide a conducive environment for both domestic and foreign investors. However, continuous legal reforms are necessary to address implementation challenges and ensure that investment laws remain relevant and effective. The study concludes that investment is vital for Indonesia's economic advancement and underscores the need for ongoing improvements in legal and regulatory frameworks to maintain investor confidence and drive economic development.

Cyber law analysis of E-KTP data leakage: A case approach of 102 million KTP data allegedly leaked from the Ministry of Social Affairs to a hacker forum

Purpose: The Identity Card (KTP) is a personal identification document mandatory for all Indonesian citizens. The Indonesian government, through Law No. 24 of 2013 on Population Administration and its implementing regulation, Permendagri No. 73 of 2022, regulates the detailed recording of identity in population documents to ensure official registration and protection of every citizen's identity. However, the issue of data leakage has become increasingly urgent in today's digital era. The case of the leak of 102 million KTP data from the Ministry of Social Affairs (Kemensos) raises significant concerns regarding the privacy and security of individual data. This data leak, allegedly spread on a hacker forum, highlights the vulnerabilities of the government's information technology infrastructure. Method: This research employs a document analysis method, collecting information from primary and secondary sources, including news reports, laws, and regulations related to data security, as well as case studies on cybercrime. An interdisciplinary approach is used, combining literature from law, information technology, and cybersecurity to gain a comprehensive understanding of the legal challenges in the E-KTP data leak case. Results: The findings emphasize the importance of strengthening regulations, raising public awareness, and enforcing strict legal measures to protect personal data. This research aims to provide insights into improving personal data protection and information security in Indonesia, offering recommendations for enhancing the protection of citizens' data in the future.

Comparative analysis of e-commerce arbitration in business dispute resolution in Indonesia And China

Purpose: In Indonesia, arbitration is regulated by Law No. 30/1999 on Arbitration and Alternative Dispute Resolution, while China employs the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC) for arbitration. Both countries have developed legal frameworks for arbitration, yet notable differences exist in the implementation of online arbitration. Indonesia's adoption of online arbitration accelerated significantly due to the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to the issuance of a decree by the Indonesian National Arbitration Board (BANI) in May 2020 to regulate electronic arbitration proceedings. Conversely, China had established its online arbitration system through CIETAC before the pandemic, offering comprehensive online services for dispute resolution. This study aims to analyse the differences and similarities in the use of online arbitration for business dispute resolution between Indonesia and China. Method: The analysis will focus on the regulatory frameworks, technological integration in arbitration processes, and the readiness of each country's infrastructure to support online arbitration, providing insights into the effectiveness and efficiency of these methods in resolving business disputes. Result: There are several differences and similarities in resolving business disputes using online arbitration methods between Indonesia and China. Although both countries do not have regulations that explicitly regulate online arbitration, both provide opportunities for the implementation of online arbitration.

The impact of cultural values, security perceptions, and influencer interactions on social commerce adoption in Indonesia

Purpose: The transformation from e-commerce to social commerce has had a significant impact on consumer behaviour in Indonesia. This study aims to analyse the influence of local cultural values, perceived security and privacy, interaction between consumers and influencers, use of social commerce, and marketing strategies through social media on the adoption and use of social commerce. Method: Data was collected through an online questionnaire from 300 respondents and analysed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) method. Result: The results showed that all hypotheses were accepted. Local cultural values, perceived security and privacy, interaction with influencers, use of social commerce, and marketing strategies through social media significantly influence the adoption and use of social commerce. Local cultural values have a significant influence on social commerce adoption, while perceived security and privacy increase consumer trust. Interaction with influencers increases consumer engagement, which in turn influences purchase decisions. The use of social commerce encourages a consumptive lifestyle among young consumers. Marketing strategies through social media are effective in increasing consumer purchase intentions. This research provides insights for businesses to develop more effective strategies to increase the adoption and usage of social commerce in Indonesia.

OEE improvement through reducing start up duration using lean Six Sigma methodology in manufacturing

Purpose: This research focuses on improve OEE by reducing start-up duration using Lean Six Sigma methodology. By applying Lean Six Sigma tools and techniques, manufacturers can systematically analyse the start-up process, identify root causes of delays, and implement targeted improvements. Method: The research presented in this journal comprises a comprehensive study conducted within a manufacturing setting to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The study involves the collection and analysis of data related to start-up durations, downtime reasons, and other relevant parameters. Through the DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyse, Improve, Control) framework of Lean Six Sigma, the root causes of prolonged start-up durations are identified and addressed. Result: The results demonstrate the potential for significant OEE improvements through the elimination of bottlenecks and inefficiencies in the start-up process. Manufacturers can leverage the findings of this research to develop strategies that enhance operational effectiveness, increase production output, and ultimately drive competitive advantage in the dynamic landscape of modern manufacturing. Limitations: This research limitation is only for manufacturing or production area that having OEE as their main key performance indicator. Contribution: This research will contribute to the manufacturing operation excellency. Novelty: This research will combine the adoption and combination of several lean six sigma methodology.

Collaborative governance in achieve Bekasi new zero stunting

Purpose: Stunting is a serious health issue in Indonesia, with a high prevalence. Bekasi City has shown strong commitment to achieving "Bekasi New Zero Stunting" through Collaborative Governance. Method: This study analyzes Collaborative Governance in Bekasi City's efforts to reduce stunting using a qualitative descriptive method, with data obtained from literature studies, policies, and reports. Result: The research results show that Collaborative Governance in Bekasi City has demonstrated positive development. The significant reduction in stunting from 18.18% in 2018 to 2.99% in 2023 is the result of effective collaboration among various parties, including the government, health organizations, civil society, and the private sector. Collaborative Governance is used as a strategy to address stunting in Bekasi City by involving various parties and enhancing active community participation in decision-making and monitoring processes. This approach ensures that diverse stakeholders contribute to and oversee the initiatives aimed at reducing stunting, leading to a more inclusive and effective governance model. The successful reduction in stunting rates highlights the importance of collaborative efforts and community engagement in tackling public health issues, providing a model that can be replicated in other regions facing similar challenges.

Recht finding of the Constitutional Court In the perspective of the rule of law and democracy (Study of the Decision of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia, Number: 90/PUU-XXI/2023)

Purpose: As a state of law, the demand to produce quality laws in Indonesia is very necessary and must not contradict the Constitution (1945 Constitution). All regulations formed must be subject to the 1945 Constitution. The formation of laws and regulations under it often contradicts the constitution and is challenged in the Constitutional Court. One of them is a lawsuit against Law Number 7 of 2017 concerning Special General Elections article 169 letter q which later issued decision Number: 90 / PUU-XXI / 2023. This paper aims to describe the act of legal discovery through Constitutional Court rulings as a pillar of the State of Law and Democracy. Method: The method used in this writing is normative legal research which is basically doctrinal or theoretical legal research, with the approach method used, namely (1) statutory approach, (2) case approach, (3) historical approach, and (4) conceptual approach. Results: The results of the study concluded that the Constitutional Court was right in its decision to amend Article 169 letter q of Law Number 7 of 2017 concerning General Elections, in order to uphold the concept of the rule of law and democracy in Indonesia. Limitations: The limitation of this research is only on the aspect of legal discovery authority by the Constitutional Court. Contribution: For this reason, this writing may contribute to strengthening the authority of the Constitutional Court in the future along with the times.

Problem from mk powerful number 90/Puu- Xii/2023 related to article 169 letter Q number 7 Year 2017 about general election (Election Law)

Purpose: Constitutional Court (MK) Number 90/PUU-XII/2023 concerning That The age limit for presidential and vice presidential candidates is considered controversial and raises a number of problems. The following are some of the problems that emerged after the Constitution Court Decision: Controversy over the minimum age limit of 40 years for presidential and vice presidential candidates. Although some were granted by the Constitutional Court from That request testing Article 169 letter Q from That Election Law, that is That country officials with experience as DPR members, DPD members, DPRD members, governors, regent And mayor WHO is under 40 many years from age is still qualify to follow in National leadership contest. Research Methodology: as presidential candidate And badness presidential candidate in the general election, but this still causes controversy among the public and legal experts. Inconsistency from That Constitutional Court decision with previously decision. There is several legal experts who considers it Constitutional This court decision the timing does not match the previous decision of the Constitutional Court regarding the same object. Political interest in the decision of the Constitutional Court. Results: There is such a view with the decision of the Constitutional Court this time following That hope from That DPR And That government, So That That Constitutional Court seems to be a political tool so that the DPR and the President immediately make changes to the law and without involving public participation. Impact on the good name of the Constitutional Court and Indonesian law. There is A see That That Constitutional Court decision This time own A had a big impact on the good name of the Constitutional Court and Indonesian law, because the Constitutional Court was deemed to have deviated from its essence which should carry out checks and balances on other powers (executive and legislative). Limitations: Big question mark regarding the decision of the Constitutional Court. There are several notes that need to be criticized in the Constitutional Court decision Number 90/PUU-XII/2023, such as material aspects, procedures, And inconsistency in the That Constitutional Court decision with another about The same object. From a number of from This problem, he Can become conclude That That Constitutional Court Decision Number 90/PUU-XII/2023 has sparked controversy and needs to be studied more deeply to find go out That implications And impact on That democratic And law system in the Indonesia

Influence of job satisfaction and management information systems on employee performance in PT. Pawnshop in Palopo City

Purpose: This study aims to determine the effect of job satisfaction and management information systems on employee performance in public transit (PT). Pawnshops in Palopo City. Method: This type of research uses quantitative research by distributing questionnaires directly to 38 respondents. The total sampling technique was used. The primary data source in this research was obtained directly from questionnaire respondents. The method uses the SPSS version 23 program. Results: The research results based on the t analysis results show that job satisfaction and management information systems have a positive and significant effect on employee performance at PT. Pawnshops in Palopo City. Judging from the determination, the R square is 0.539, which means that 53.9% can be explained by other variables included in this research.

The influence of service quality and customer satisfaction on use loyalty BRI Mobile Banking

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of service quality and customer satisfaction on loyalty when using BRI mobile banking. on loyalty to using BRI mobile banking. Method: This was a quantitative research. The population in this study is the people of Palopo City who use BRI mobile banking. banking BRI. Results: The results of this study indicate that service quality has a positive effect on loyalty use in BRI Mobile Banking. Service quality affects loyalty to BRI Mobile Banking; namely, the easier it is to use the mobile banking application, the more likely users will use it. mobile banking applications, the more likely the users are to use the application regularly. application regularly. In the second variable, Customer Satisfaction has a positive effect on loyalty to BRI Mobile Banking. Customers who are satisfied feel that BRI Mobile Banking provides quality services, such as ease of use, speed in making transactions, speed in making transactions, and quality of service. quality services, such as ease of use, speed of transactions, and system reliability. Increased trust in and loyalty to the application.

Operational challenges and strategic solutions for power distribution in Mendol Island

Purpose: This thesis addresses critical issues within the plant's capacity and operational framework, emphasizing the importance of enhancing the generation system's resilience through the N-1 and N-2 capacity criteria. Research Methodology: The research methodology encompasses both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods, including observations, interviews, brainstorming sessions, and document reviews. Results: The study's findings highlight the significant gaps between the plant's targeted and actual performance metrics over a four-year period, revealing persistent underperformance in energy production and substantial fluctuations in fuel consumption. The application of N-1 and N-2 criteria is crucial for ensuring the system's reliability and resilience, particularly as renewable energy sources are integrated into the grid. Limitations:  Contribution: The contribution of this research to the field of power distribution management is twofold: it provides a comprehensive analysis of the challenges facing the Teluk Dalam Diesel Power Plant and proposes viable solutions to enhance its operational performance and sustainability.

Analysis of effectiveness and contribution of regional tax on original regional income in Kota Kupang

Purpose: This research was conducted at Badan Pendapatan Daerah Kota Kupang, with the aim of determining the contribution of the effectiveness of regional taxes and the contribution of regional taxes in Kota kupang to the regional income of Kupang in 2015-2019. Research Methodology: The approach used in this research is descriptive quantitative, with data analysis techniques carried out by comparing the realization of local tax revenue against the target of regional taxes at times 100% to determine the contribution of regional tax effectiveness. Furthermore, to calculate the contribution of local taxes to local revenue, we compare the realization of local taxes with the original regional income multiplied by 100%. Results: The results show that the average contribution of regional tax effectiveness for five years shows the criteria of being effective and even very effective, except for the types of entertainment tax and parking tax, which provide less or even ineffective contributions. Meanwhile, the contribution of local taxes to local revenue shows very good criteria, but the contribution of local levies is less. Therefore, it is hoped that the regional government will be able to explore the tax potential, which is still ineffective, and improve the strategy for optimizing the overall regional original income.

Proposed marketing strategy for fixed mobile convergence products case study: Telkomsel One

Purpose: This study aims to determine proposed business and marketing strategy including segmenting, targeting & positioning (STP) and marketing mix (7P) for Telkomsel One Method: This type of research combining qualitative and quantitative research by distributing questionnaires directly to 253 respondents. The nonprobability sampling technique was used. The primary data source in this research was obtained directly from questionnaire respondents. The method uses the SPSS version 23 program. Results: The research results based on the cluster analysis show that there is three distinct segments of Telkomsel One namely budget-concious user, convenience seekers and tech enthusiasts. The results of the analysis become the basis of new segmentation, targeting, and positioning strategies for Telkomsel One. Strategies encompass adjusting product line and pricing, conducting several promotions and strategic partnerships, using omnichannel approaches, frontliner skills training, streamline process and integrating IT Tools to deliver excellent service to customers.