The role of green innovation in promoting sustainable economic development in Gweru, Zimbabwe

Published: Apr 4, 2024

Abstract:

Purpose: In developing countries, such as Zimbabwe, the nexus between green innovation and sustainable economic development has not been thoroughly investigated. To fill this gap, this study examined the role of green innovation in promoting sustainable economic development in Gweru and Zimbabwe.

Research Methodology: Interpretivist philosophy underpinned qualitative data collection through a multi-case study method and thematic analysis approaches. Fifteen purposively and conveniently sampled participants participated in face-to-face interviews and focus-group discussions.

Results: The study’s findings revealed that green innovation was a precursor to sustainable economic development through the reduction of carbon emissions and climate change, supply of clean energy, and increasing agricultural production, all of which enable employment generation and improved standards of living.

Limitations: This study was limited to only green solar entrepreneurs in Gweru City, and other cities were not covered. The study was qualitative; hence, the results cannot be generalized to other cities in the country.

Contributions: This study contributes by expanding the body of knowledge on the green innovation agenda for Small to Medium Enterprises in the solar power systems of Zimbabwe; in addition, the use of protection policies can stimulate friendly environmental businesses in all sectors of the economy.

Keywords:
1. Carbon emissions
2. Climate change
3. Green innovation
4. Sustainable economic development
Authors:
Wilson Mabhanda
How to Cite
Mabhanda, W. (2024). The role of green innovation in promoting sustainable economic development in Gweru, Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Tourism and Entrepreneurship, 5(2), 75–91. https://doi.org/10.35912/joste.v5i2.1871

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References

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  2. Al Doghan, M. A., Abdelwahed, N. A. A., Soomro, B. A., & Ali Alayis, M. M. H. (2022). Organizational environmental culture, environmental sustainability and performance: the mediating role of green HRM and green innovation. Sustainability, 14(12), 7510.
  3. Alhijazi, A. A. K., Almasri, R. A., & Alloush, A. F. (2023). A Hybrid Renewable Energy (Solar/Wind/Biomass) and Multi-Use System Principles, Types, and Applications: A Review. Sustainability, 15(24), 16803.
  4. Ali, E. B., Anufriev, V. P., & Amfo, B. (2021). Green economy implementation in Ghana as a road map for a sustainable development drive: A review. Scientific African, 12, e00756.
  5. Ali, I., Ali, M., Salam, M. A., Bhatti, Z. A., Arain, G. A., & Burhan, M. (2020). How international SME's vicarious learning may improve their performance? The role of absorptive capacity, strength of ties with local SMEs, and their prior success experiences. Industrial Marketing Management, 88, 87-100.
  6. Andersen, M. M., Ogallo, E., & Diniz Faria, L. G. (2022). Green economic change in Africa–green and circular innovation trends, conditions and dynamics in Kenyan companies. Innovation and Development, 12(2), 231-257.
  7. Anoke, A. F. (2023). Microfinance services and the growth of women entrepreneurial businesses in North Central Nigeria. Management, 4(4), 379-393.
  8. Appiah, M. K., Anderson Akolaa, R., & Ayisi-Addo, A. K. (2022). Modeling the impact of macroenvironmental forces on investment in Renewable Energy Technologies in Ghana: the moderating role of Entrepreneurship orientation dimensions. Cogent Economics & Finance, 10(1), 2071387.
  9. Asadi, S., Pourhashemi, S. O., Nilashi, M., Abdullah, R., Samad, S., Yadegaridehkordi, E., . . . Razali, N. S. (2020). Investigating influence of green innovation on sustainability performance: A case on Malaysian hotel industry. Journal of cleaner production, 258, 120860.
  10. Awan, U., Arnold, M. G., & Gölgeci, I. (2021). Enhancing green product and process innovation: Towards an integrative framework of knowledge acquisition and environmental investment. Business Strategy and the Environment, 30(2), 1283-1295.
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  13. Bali Swain, R., & Yang-Wallentin, F. (2020). Achieving sustainable development goals: predicaments and strategies. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 27(2), 96-106.
  14. Baumgartner, R. J., & Ebner, D. (2010). Corporate sustainability strategies: sustainability profiles and maturity levels. Sustainable development, 18(2), 76-89.
  15. Chen, Y.-S., Lai, S.-B., & Wen, C.-T. (2006). The influence of green innovation performance on corporate advantage in Taiwan. Journal of Business Ethics, 67, 331-339.
  16. Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches.
  17. Destek, M. A., Ozsoy, F. N., & Ozpolat, A. (2020). Investigation on the job creation effect of green energy in OECD countries. Econometrics of Green Energy Handbook: Economic and Technological Development, 131-149.
  18. Eiadat, Y., Kelly, A., Roche, F., & Eyadat, H. (2008). Green and competitive? An empirical test of the mediating role of environmental innovation strategy. Journal of World Business, 43(2), 131-145.
  19. Forcadell, F. J., Úbeda, F., & Aracil, E. (2021). Effects of environmental corporate social responsibility on innovativeness of spanish industrial SMEs?,??,?,??. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 162, 120355.
  20. German, J. D., Redi, A. A. N. P., Ong, A. K. S., & Liwanag, J. L. (2023). The impact of green innovation initiatives on competitiveness and financial performance of the land transport industry. Heliyon, 9(8).
  21. Hák, T., Janoušková, S., & Moldan, B. (2016). Sustainable Development Goals: A need for relevant indicators. Ecological Indicators, 60, 565-573.
  22. Hao, Y., Guo, Y., & Wu, H. (2022). The role of information and communication technology on green total factor energy efficiency: does environmental regulation work? Business Strategy and the Environment, 31(1), 403-424.
  23. He, H., Wang, C., Wang, S., Ma, F., Sun, Q., & Zhao, X. (2021). Does environmental concern promote EV sales? Duopoly pricing analysis considering consumer heterogeneity. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 91, 102695.
  24. Ibrahim, R. L., Ozturk, I., Al-Faryan, M. A. S., & Al-Mulali, U. (2022). Exploring the nexuses of disintegrated energy consumption, structural change, and financial development on environmental sustainability in BRICS: modulating roles of green innovations and regulatory quality. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 53, 102529.
  25. Kartika, A. D., & Medlimo, R. A. (2022). Development Taman Surya Nusantara to Increase New and Renewable Energy in Indonesia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism and Entrepreneurship, 3(4), 301-312.
  26. Khan, P. A., Johl, S. K., & Johl, S. K. (2021). Does adoption of ISO 56002?2019 and green innovation reporting enhance the firm sustainable development goal performance? An emerging paradigm. Business Strategy and the Environment, 30(7), 2922-2936.
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  28. Kivunja, C., & Kuyini, A. B. (2017). Understanding and applying research paradigms in educational contexts. International Journal of Higher Education, 6(5), 26-41.
  29. Kneipp, J. M., Gomes, C. M., Kruglianskas, I., Motke, F. D., & Frizzo, K. (2021). Sustainable innovation practices and the degree of innovation of business models in Brazilian industrial companies. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 18(3), 221-238.
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  36. Luo, Y., Wang, Q., Long, X., Yan, Z., Salman, M., & Wu, C. (2023). Green innovation and SO2 emissions: Dynamic threshold effect of human capital. Business Strategy and the Environment, 32(1), 499-515.
  37. Ma, Y., Hou, G., Yin, Q., Xin, B., & Pan, Y. (2018). The sources of green management innovation: does internal efficiency demand pull or external knowledge supply push? Journal of cleaner production, 202, 582-590.
  38. Maasoumi, E., Heshmati, A., & Lee, I. (2021). Green innovations and patenting renewable energy technologies. Empirical economics, 60, 513-538.
  39. Maka, A. O., & Alabid, J. M. (2022). Solar energy technology and its roles in sustainable development. Clean Energy, 6(3), 476-483.
  40. Mirzaei, T., & Esmaeilzadeh, P. (2021). Engagement in online health communities: channel expansion and social exchanges. Information & Management, 58(1), 103404.
  41. Moslehpour, M., Chang, M.-L., & Dadvari, A. (2022). Adopting the configurational approach to the analysis of job satisfaction in Mongolia. European Research on Management and Business Economics, 28(1), 100179.
  42. Mubarak, M. F., Tiwari, S., Petraite, M., Mubarik, M., & Raja Mohd Rasi, R. Z. (2021). How Industry 4.0 technologies and open innovation can improve green innovation performance? Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 32(5), 1007-1022.
  43. Najmi, A., Kanapathy, K., & Aziz, A. (2021). Understanding consumer participation in managing ICT waste: Findings from two-staged Structural Equation Modeling–Artificial Neural Network approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28, 1-15. doi:10.1007/s11356-020-11675-2
  44. Nan, S., Wang, Z., Wang, J., & Wu, J. (2022). Investigating the role of green innovation in economic growth and carbon emissions nexus for China: New evidence based on the PSTR Model. Sustainability, 14(24), 16369.
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