Purpose: The study was conducted to compare the frontal lobe's executive functions in hyperactive and normal children.
Research methodology: The study was conducted by a causal-comparative method with applied nature in 2020. The statistical population included all exceptional elementary school students in Tehran. Due to the fact that there are no accurate statistics on children with ADHD in the country and it is not possible to use a random sample for the statistical population,10 inactive students were selected for the experimental group and 10 as a control group. The informed consent form of the research was also taken from the sample. Measurement tools in this research, including four bender Gestalt tests, Stroop computer test, Wisconsin and Wechsler similarity subtests were used. Also, statistical analyzes were performed using SPSS25 software.
Results: Overall, the findings of this study conclude that there is a significant difference between normal children and children with hyperactivity in terms of limb error, selective attention, ability to change attention and abstract thinking. In general, the results of multivariate analysis of variance show that there is a significant difference in test scores between people with ADHD and normal people in terms of frontal lobe executive functions.
Limitation: The limitations of this study are the lack of similar articles in this field and the lack of participation of some patients in completing the questionnaires.
Contribution: Respected educators are suggested to use new therapies to strengthen the abstract thinking of hyperactive children and provide them with the necessary training in this area.
Keywords: Executive functions, Frontal lobe, Inactive children, Normal children