International culinary influence on street food: an observatory study

Purpose: This paper presents a street food profiling of one of the most popular tourist attractions in Melaka, Jonker Street. The main objective of this study is to develop a street food profile of Jonker Street in determining whether local or international culinary influence represents the food sold there. Research methodology: An on-site observation was conducted to investigate the types of food sold and the range of prices offered. A descriptive analysis was completed to characterize street food. Results: The findings indicated that most of the food sold here represents international and trendy flavor rather than local. Limitations: This study was self-funded and conducted on the Jonker Street location only. Due to that, no generalization can be derived from the data. Contribution: This study also provides a baseline reference for the tourism players in outlining strategies toward sustainable tourism relating to local culinary offerings. Keywords: Culinary tourism, Street food, Observatory study
Siti Nurhayati Khairatun

Sacred groves as potential ecotourism sites at Tolon and Diare in Northern Region, Ghana

Purpose: Relic plant communities commonly referred as “sacred groves” in Ghana and comparatively anywhere are ecologically, genetically important resources indigenously protected as “abodes of gods or ancestral habitats” through traditional or religious beliefs and taboos. This study mainly evaluated the potentials of sacred groves for development as tourist sites at Tolon and Diare in the Northern Region of Ghana. Research methodology: Data was collected using semi structured interview questionnaire aided by vegetation survey, observational field walk through the Jaagbo and Tindangung Sacred Groves to screen natural features of the destinations and determine its potential for ecotourism. Findings: Potential areas for visitor amateurism such as the wonderful baobab tree, crocodile pond, misty stone bird sanctuary, were identified in both groves. About 220 different species of plants were identified in the entire groves. The study further discovered that with effective management measures in place, the ecotourism potentials of these sacred groves will optimize if developed to attract visitors and generate income for sustainable socio-economic development of the adjoining communities in northern Ghana. Limitations: Although the target population was above 200 people, relatively small sample size (≤ 36%), could be chosen since the opinion leaders considered the groves as sacred and were less prepared to divulge information about them. Islam and Christianity rather counteracted certain beliefs of the traditional people who adopted local measures to enhance sustainability of these sites for ecotourism functions. Contribution: The study advocates the adoption of bylaws to promote sustainable management of the sacred groves for sustainable benefits. Keywords: Jaagbo, Tindangung, Sacred grove, Crocodile pond, Bird sanctuary, Traditional bylaws, Land use plan
Benjamin Makimilua Tiimub, Richard Amankwah Kuffour, Richard Wonnsibe Tiimob, Cletus Ankrah Kuuyeni, Ernestina Laatman Tiimob, Elisha Nyannube Tiimob

The effectiveness Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes) Sehati in Nekmese Village Amarasi Sub-District, South Kupang Regency

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to measure and analyze the effectiveness of Sehati Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes) in Nekmese Village, South Amarasi District, Kupang Regency. Research Methodology: This study used descriptive research with a qualitative approach that used the effectiveness measurement criteria of Chambell J.P (1989). Results: The findings in this study are that BUMDes has been effective with several successes, namely program success, target success, satisfaction with the program and the achievement of. Limitations: This research only reviewed the effectiveness of BUMDes Sehati in Nekmese village, Kupang Regency. Contribution: This research becomes scientific information for public administration science. Keywords: Effectiveness, BUMDes
Yopy E. Haekase, Nursalam, Hendrik Toda

Customer behavior impact on international tourist's travel intention due to Covid-19

Purpose: Several industries affected by the Covid-19 outbreak – one of the most affected is the tourism industry due to travel restrictions, which have resulted in an unprecedented slump in the number of international tourists. This situation has an impact on changing consumer behavior towards intention to travel. This study aims to measure the impact of Covid-19 on international tourists' consumer behavior towards crises to intention to travel overseas after the pandemic is over. Research methodology: A paper questionnaire was distributed to international tourists who have been traveling abroad (outside country of origin) at least once during the last 12 months through a nonprobability, convenience-sampling approach. A total of 350 questionnaires were analyzed using multiple regression linear. Results: The results from the regression model suggest that: (1) general impact have significant partial effects on traveling intention; (2) attitude and preference have a significant partial impact to travel intention; (3) hygiene and safety have significant partial impacts to travel intention; (4) general impact, attitude, and preference, hygiene and safety have a significant simultaneous impact to travel intention. Implications and future research issues were discussed. Limitations: This research is limited due to the limited number of respondents. Contribution: This research suggests that every country carries out promotions and increases national branding to rebuild trust to travel. Keywords: Impact, Covid-19, Customer behavior, International tourists, Travel intention, Post-pandemic
Febriana Riestyaningrum, Ehsan Ferdaos, Bahruz Bayramov

Return of beverage and food companies in Indonesia and its factors

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the impact on stock returns of food and beverage companies in Indonesia during the period 2013-2018 of instrument finance and systemic risk. Methodology: The sampling technique used purposive sampling. Based on the predetermined criteria, eight companies. Data used secondary data obtained from IDX. The method used is regression analysis logistic panel data. Results: Return on equity & systematic risk affected stock returns. Price earning ratio & debt to equity ratio did not affect stock returns. Limitation: The data used is only for food and beverage companies and does not include manufacturing companies as a whole. Contribution: Investors are expected to analyze the company's condition that will invest their capital; besides using technical analysis, it is also better to use fundamental analysis. Keywords: Instrument finance, Systematic risk, Return
Dirvi Surya Abbas, Imam Hidayat

Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention: evidence from Khulna University, Bangladesh

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of factors affecting entrepreneurial intention and finally show the relationship between those factors on entrepreneurial intention. Research methodology: This study used explanatory and inferential methods. Data was collected using a closed-ended questionnaire. The program used was SPSS Version 16.00. Results:  We found a positive and significant relationship with all the factors besides entrepreneurial education and gender differences. Limitation: The study is limited to the respondents’ bias and restriction to only one particular university. Contribution: This study’s results contribute to understanding the importance of entrepreneurial education to the university and arranging more seminars and case study and introducing some inspired entrepreneurs for the student’s betterment. Keywords: Autonomy, Entrepreneurial education, Entrepreneurial intention, Need for achievement, Locus of control
Sraboni Akter, Saimur Rahman